Can I buy gold in my Fidelity 401k?

Gold has long been revered as a store of value, a hedge against inflation, and a safe-haven asset during times of economic uncertainty. As such, many investors seek to include gold in their portfolios to diversify and mitigate risks. If you’re a participant in a Fidelity 401(k) retirement plan, you might be wondering if it’s possible to invest in gold within this account. In this article, we’ll delve into the intricacies of investing in gold within a Fidelity 401(k), exploring the possibilities, advantages, and important considerations.

Understanding the Fidelity 401(k)

A Fidelity 401(k) is a type of employer-sponsored retirement plan that allows employees to save for retirement while enjoying potential tax benefits. These plans offer a range of investment options, including stocks, bonds, mutual funds, and sometimes even alternative assets like real estate and precious metals. The ability to invest in gold within a Fidelity 401(k) hinges on the plan’s specifics and the investment options it offers.

Investing in Gold: The Options

Fidelity 401(k) plans typically provide participants with a menu of investment options curated by the plan administrator. While direct investment in physical gold (such as gold bars or coins) might not be a feasible option within most 401(k) plans due to logistical complexities, participants might still have access to gold-related investments through mutual funds or exchange-traded funds (ETFs) that track the price of gold.

  1. Gold Mutual Funds: Some Fidelity 401(k) plans might offer mutual funds that invest in gold-related companies, such as mining companies or firms involved in gold exploration and production. These funds provide exposure to the potential growth of the gold industry without requiring participants to purchase physical gold.
  2. Gold ETFs: Exchange-traded funds that track the price of gold can also be an avenue for investing in gold within a Fidelity 401(k). These ETFs aim to replicate the performance of gold by holding physical gold bullion or derivatives contracts. While not a direct ownership of gold, investing in a gold ETF can provide price movement correlation.

Advantages of Investing in Gold within a Fidelity 401(k)

  1. Diversification: Including gold in your 401(k) portfolio can enhance diversification. Gold often exhibits low correlation with traditional assets like stocks and bonds, which can help mitigate portfolio volatility during market downturns.
  2. Inflation Hedge: Gold is historically considered an inflation hedge, meaning its value tends to rise during periods of inflation. Including gold in your portfolio can help safeguard your purchasing power over the long term.
  3. Portfolio Protection: Gold has demonstrated its ability to act as a safe-haven asset during times of economic uncertainty or geopolitical turmoil. Holding gold-related investments in your 401(k) can provide a cushion against unexpected market shocks.

Considerations and Potential Drawbacks

  1. Liquidity: While gold ETFs and mutual funds offer liquidity, investing in physical gold can be less liquid and entail storage costs and security concerns.
  2. Risk: Like any investment, gold-related investments carry risks. Factors such as changes in supply and demand, regulatory issues, and shifts in sentiment can impact the value of these investments.
  3. Tax Implications: Depending on the type of gold investment you choose, tax implications might vary. It’s essential to consult with a financial advisor to understand the tax consequences of your investment decisions.
  4. Long-Term Performance: While gold has historically maintained its value, it doesn’t generate income like dividend-paying stocks or bonds. Over the long term, its returns might not match those of other asset classes.

Steps to Take

  1. Review Your 401(k) Plan: Start by reviewing your Fidelity 401(k) plan’s investment options. Check whether it offers gold-related investments like mutual funds or ETFs.
  2. Consider Your Investment Strategy: Evaluate how investing in gold aligns with your overall investment strategy, risk tolerance, and retirement goals.
  3. Consult a Financial Advisor: Before making any investment decisions, consult a financial advisor who can provide personalized guidance based on your individual circumstances.


While purchasing physical gold within a Fidelity 401(k) might not be a direct option, the potential to invest in gold-related assets through mutual funds or ETFs provides investors with exposure to the precious metal’s benefits. Including gold in your retirement portfolio can enhance diversification, act as an inflation hedge, and offer protection during uncertain times. However, like any investment, careful consideration and consultation with financial experts are essential to make informed decisions that align with your long-term goals.